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nstth

NStth (tips, tricks, and hacks from NS) started as a hashtag on Twitter that I came up with when wanting to share the tips, tricks, and hacks with the world.
I decided to have the NStth section on my website, as well.
So here are the tips, tricks, hacks… right below. I hope you find them useful, and if you do share them so that the others can benefit from the tips, tricks, and hacks posted here!

#1 (2016-6-25)

Need to switch sound devices often?
You can make a shortcut pointing to “mmsys.cpl” or you can just enter “mmsys.cpl” into the run dialog.
You can take it even further by assigning the hotkey for the shortcut like I did, and have it pop up from wherever you are.

#2 (2016-8-14)

Yeah; false positives are inevitable; they are gonna happen sooner or later because of the way all antiviruses work.
Luckily, all antiviruses allow you to exclude the single files, folders, and even the whole drives from the virus scan.
However, you should think twice before adding the exclusions in some cases.
Exclude only the files or folders that are on a drive that you are absolutely sure will relate to the same device, i.e., never ever exclude the false positives from the drives that could be pointing to different devices, e.g., pen drives, memory cards, etc.
But why?
Imagine you exclude the file on your pen drive, because it is a false positive.
then imagine you plugging in someone else's pen drive in.
Often, pen drives will be assigned the same drive letter, so the file you have excluded from (e.g., f:), that used to be your pen drive, now is someone elses.
This means if you excluded f:\false positive.exe, all devices that are given the f as their drive letter, won't be scanned for the file you excluded.
So imagine that the friend's pen drive has the same file on his pen drive, but that it is infected.
Congrats; you have just successfully allowed a virus through.
TL;DR: Don't exclude the false positives from drive letters that aren't fixed to the single device all the time.

#3 (2016-10-06)

Not happy with Firefox/Seamonkey loading a bunch of pages after a crash? Go to about:config (enter that inside the address bar), if prompted to promiss that you will be careful, do that, search for “browser.sessionstore.resume_from_crash” and toggle it to false. Restart the browser, and next time Firefox/Seamonkey crashes, it won't load any page on its own anymore.

#4 (2016-12-18)

This is how to disable “open file security warning” from appearing on every launch of the executable (applies to Windows 7 and above):
  1. go to control panel (press windows+r and type control)
  2. go to system (in case you can not locate it, search for it by pressing ctrl+f and typing system)
  3. go to advanced system settings
  4. go to Environment variables
  5. go to system variables, and go to new
  6. now in the “variable name” field enter:
    SEE_MASK_NOZONECHECKS
    and in the “variable value” field enter:
    1
    and hit ok
  7. hit ok once more once you're in advanced system settings
  8. That's it :)

Windows automatically blocks the files downloaded from the internet that are known to be potentially harmful. These files include the executable files (.exe), word documents (doc/docx), etc. If the files aren't unblocked, they may behave differently, or may not work at all, e.g., a blocked word document will appear in the protected view mode. You can always unblock the blocked files manually by going to the file properties, but if you wish for Windows not to blocks the files in the first place, here's how to do it:
  1. open the run dialog (press windows+r)
  2. enter
    gpedit.msc
  3. select User Configuration
  4. Administrative Templates
  5. Windows Components
  6. Attachment Manager
  7. press enter on “Do not preserve zone information in file attachments”
  8. Choose “enabled”
  9. click on “Apply” and then on “OK”.
Note: this will auto unblock files downloaded with web browsers and is known not to tell other programs like e-mail clients to do the same (so if you save attachments from with your e-mail client, chances you're still gonna get the file blocked).

#5 (2017-2-25)

Programs tend to come in both 32 bit (x86) and 64 bit (x64) varients. In most cases, the setup or the executable file of the program clearly state the varient that they correspond to, but sometimes that is not the case.


“So what do I do then?” you might ask.
  • the easy way
    1. open the file properties (Alt+Enter on the file)
    2. go to the compatibility tab
    3. check “Run this program in compatibility mode for:”
    4. if the oldest Windows version offered is Vista, the executable is 64 bit, if it is the older one (95 or alike), it is 32 bit
  • the harder way (also useful for dynamic library (.dll) files)
    1. open the file in the text editor of your choice (notepad is an option, but beware that executable files take some time to open in notepad, so an alternative editor as notepad2 may be better suited for this)
    2. search for: “PE ” without the quotes
    3. if the two characters passed “PE ” are “L”, then the executable/library is 32bit, otherwise if the characters are “d†”, then it is 64 bit.



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